Frequently asked questions (FAQ) about ZEVENOS
Last Change: 2009-09-10
1. Does the project provide a LiveCD ?
2. Which are particular objectives of ZevenOS?
2.1 Which are particular objectives of ZevenOS-Neptune?
3. Excursus: What was BeOS? or ZETA?
4. Excursus: What is HAIKU?
5. Which versions of ZevenOS are available?
6. How about the system specs of ZevenOS?
7. Where do I find documentation about ZevenOS?
8. Where do I find supplementary help?
9. How can I install ZevenOS?
9.1 Can ZevenOS be installed on an USB stick?
10. Which desktop enviroment does ZevenOS come with?
11. How can I create links on the desktop?
12. Running ZevenOS Neptune, is there a feature to refresh the screen content during a session?
13. How can I add new programs to the Zeebar?
14. How can I terminate the Zeebar?
15. How can I link the icon of any program to the Deskbar?
16. Can I edit new icons linked to new programs?
17. Are there any custom-built programs for ZevenOS?
18. Is ZevenOS ready for multimedia?
19. Is there a listing of programs (package list) ZevenOS does come with ?
20. Is there a global system administration tool in ZevenOS ?
21. How can I install other internet browsers ?
22. How do I update ZevenOS ?
23. Where do I find reviews and video clips about ZevenOS ?
Does the project provide a LiveCD ?
Yes, it does. ZevenOS comes only as (an installable) live CD. So everyone can give ZevenOS a spin without the risk of an installation. The live CD offers no feature for creating any persistent home directory, all data will be lost when the live session is terminated. However, the live CD has got an install program which provides an easy way to install ZevenOS on the selected hard drive.
The ZevenOS project was founded in order to preserve some of the extraordinary features of the formerly wellknown BeOS operating system. All that realized within a linux operating system. Therefore ZevenOS is a pure linux system, designed to induce as far as possible the „feeling“ of the good old BeOS and its successor ZETA. ZevenOS is very user friendly and an excellent choice for multimedia performance.
Essential features are:
Suitability for older computers
Easy handlig for users (like the good old BeOS)
Especially designed for multimedia
With ZevenOS-Neptune we want to address the next generation of potential BeOS Users and aim for creating a fast running Live System for USB Sticks with modern hardware support and a smooth KDE desktop experience. Therefore we ship with lots of multimedia applications aswell as productivity suites. For diagnostic and computer science it also includes the Development Platform Eclipse and some network diagnostic tools(Wireshark,Kismet,Aircrack-NG).
BeOS was an operating system under proprietary license of the Be Corporation. The development was abandoned in 2001 (link BeOS http://www.operating-system.org/betriebssystem/_english/bs-beos.htm). 2006 there came up an commercial successor named ZETA, however in 2007 the development came finally to an end due to licence issues (link ZETA http://www.zeta-os.com/cms/news.php).
Excursus: What is HAIKU?
After the decline of BeOS a small group of developers decided in 2001 to build a free version of BeOS. Under a free license, this reverse engineering was called OpenBeOS and was renamed to HAIKU in 2004 (Link HAIKU http://www.haiku-os.org/about).
Currently, ZevenOS exists in two official versions:
1. ZevenOS as the main and leading version
based on Ubuntu Linux (especially: Xubuntu)
2. ZevenOS-Neptuneas a community driven branch, based on the stable release of Debain GNU/Linux. The communitiy driven project is called ZevenOS Projekt Neptune, the distribution is called: ZevenOS-Neptune. This version of ZevenOS is made for users, who prefer a very stable and fast linux system and want to have the newest drivers and support for hardware. It is intended to run very smooth from a live usb stick.
Beyond that, there is an inofficial development version of ZevenOS based on Xubuntu. Considered as a work in process, this version is the future stable release to come.
Regarding ZevenOS and ZevenOS Neptune there are minimal hardware specs as follows:
192 mega byte (mib) random accessed memory (ram), 5 giga byte (gib) free space on the hard drive, 16 mib graphics board, mouse, keyboard and screen device.
Recommended : soundcard, network device (for internet access).
Where do I find documentation about ZevenOS?
ZevenOS provides lots of information on the project’s home page:
The website “About“.. There you will find some basic documentation about ZevenOS (link site “About“ http://www.zevenos.com/de/about). The sub categories of this website provide each a short introduction of important programs running under ZevenOS.
The “release information“ on the project’s home page. There you will find the release news of each version of ZevenOS.
The “tip of the week“ on the project’s home page. Tips and tricks concerning ZevenOS are published here, providing additional information you don’t find in the user forum.
Especially for the ZevenOS Project Neptune the community has established a section for “Tips and tricks“ (at present, in german language only) (link ZevenOS Project Neptune Tipps & Tricks http://www.zevenos.com/forum/forumdisplay.php?fid=24)
If you’ve got further questions about Debian GNU/Linux, the excellent Debian GNU/Linux wiki, and for the derivate Ubuntu Linux, the excellent Ubuntu wiki are highly recommended:
ZevenOS comes as (an installable) live CD only. The live CD has got an install program providing an easy way to install ZevenOS on your hard drive. At present, there are no installation media. The installation can be performed during a live session solely. Sufficiant random accessed memory (ram) is required, recommended are at least 192 mib ram. The same has to be said about ZevenOS-Neptune. However, the installer of this version is very simpel but works.
Yes, you can 😉 The installation procedure is like a normal installation on a hard drive. The live CD itself can be installed on an usb stick with the help of specialized tools like USB-Creator (link: https://launchpad.net/usb-creator ) and Unetbootin (Link:http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/ ).
ZevenOS makes use of the lean XFCE desktop environment. However, the XFCE technology was a bit tweaked by the developers of ZevenOS. Regarding the basic software and some libraries, especially some issues had to be patched for the Deskbar to get a proper display of running tasks in a vertical order. “Under the hood“ the desktop and the XFCE4 session had to undergo some speed tuning, too.
It is pretty simple. Go with the file manager to the specific program. For instance: gimp, the program for image manipulation. You will find gimp (like most user applications) in /usr/bin/. Then do a mouse click on the gimp execution file with your right mouse button > a menu will pop up, select the item “send to“ > “desktop (create link)“. Ready!
Yes, there is. Press the F5 button an the view of the desktop and of the file manager will be refreshed. The additional package garmin can be installed by synaptic and will automatically perform the required refresh of the screen display.
How can I add new programs to the Zeebar?
At the right side of the Zeebar you will find a “home icon“. Click on it and a menu will pop up. Select the item “preferences“. An editor will be called up and will show the appropriate configuration file. Use the editor to edit the Zeebar’s config file. Optionally, go directly to the hidden config file .wbar in your home directory and edit it.
How can I terminate the Zeebar?At the right side of the Zeebar you will find a “home icon“. Click on it and a menu will pop up. Select the item “quit“. The Zeebar will be terminated.
Are there any custom-built programs for ZevenOS?
Yes, there are. The community of developers have programed some applications, exclusively for ZevenOS.
ZevenOS specific programs are:
MAGI, a tool for diagnosis and system control
MAGI 2, a powerful system administration tool
People, a contact management application (like previous examples from BeOS)
Encode, a multimedia processing application. Useful for converting video contents and for creating video CDs
YAVDT (Yet Another Video Tube Downloader), a multimedia processing application for downloading and converting flash und mp4 hq video clips
HAIKU-DD-Installer, a program for installing and testing images of the HAIKU project
Diskmanager, ean advanced device administration including auto detection of BFS partitions (OpenBFS)
Deskbar 2, a BeOS-like menu panel with a quick task selection
Zeebar, a Dockbar-like panel for ZevenOS
Desktop-Chooser, a desktop manager for optional window modes
Theme-Manager, a small program for easy selection of desktop themes
Is ZevenOS ready for multimedia?
Yes, it is. ZevenOS is made for desktop users, very user friendly and designed for excellent multimedia performance. You will find all required applications for internet communication, web surfing, video display and processing, music, image manipulation, burning CDs/DVDs and so on. All software comes to you from the great pool of Free Software/OpenSource.
Is there a listing of programs (package list) ZevenOS does come with ?
Yes, there is. You will find a package list of each released version of ZevenOS here: (Link http://www.zevenos.com/de/package-list).
Concerning ZevenOS Neptune: there is no package list available, please have a look at the latest release news
Yes, there is. It is called MAGI2. This system administration tool offers an simplified control over a lot of tasks: system (configuration), office, internet, multimedia, development. With MAGI2 you can safely control your ZevenOS system. Beyond that, you can call up important applications by MAGI2.
Google Chrome – development version: have a look at the tip of the week (Link http://www.zevenos.com/allgemein/tip-of-the-week-5.html)
Opera – provides packages for Debian stable, please have a look at opera.com (Link http://www.opera.com/browser/download/)
A single Debian package can be installed with the tool dpkg (debian package).
Go to the directory, where the Debian package of opera has been stored. Open a terminal. Get root access using the su command and then type the following command: dpkg -i opera*
It is pretty simple. Call up MAGI2 > system settings > update.
Optional: click with the right mouse button on the desktop > system > update management.
Updates are mostly securitiy updates. When security lecks are detected, packages with security lecks will be replaced with secure versions.
Therefore continuous updates are highly recommended in order to keep your ZevenOS system at a secure level.
Therefore continuous updates are highly recommended in order to keep your ZevenOS system at a secure level.
Concerning Iceweasel, the pure version number of the package does not really matter (whereas Firefox emphasizes the version number, because the counting shows the development progress). The striking point is: security updates concerning Iceweasel are done on the xulrunner-1.9 package that contains the rendering engine. Exactly this package has to be kept at a current level. Therefore an Iceweasel package carrying the version number 3.0.6 with an updated xulrunner-1.9 package is up-to-date. Only if users need new features of a bleeding edge browser, they should consider the installation of an optional product, for example the brand-new Opera or a brand-new genuine version of Firefox.
What are “backports“?
You are running Debian stable, because you prefer the stable Debian tree. It runs great, there is just one problem: the software is a little bit outdated compared to other distributions. That is where backports come in. Backports are recompiled packages from testing (mostly) and unstable (in a few cases only, e.g. security updates), so they will run without new libraries (wherever it is possible) on a stable Debian distribution.
Running Debian stable 5.0 (Lenny), you can install the current KDE 4.2.4 with the help of backports repositories. Caution: this is only half the truth, because some aplications like Amarok and K3b are currently missing. As default, Debian 5.0 Lenny usually comes with the older but stable KDE version 3.5.9.
How to get along with backport repositories?
It is highly recommended to pick out single programs in the backports which fits your needs, and not to use all backports available here. ZevenOs Neptune is ready for backport usage. The backport repos are included in the repository list (sources.list), but are not activated by default.
Caution: do never use the Debian backport repos for system updates! If you consider a system update, please de-activate the backports before (use the synaptic program synaptic > section: “remove repositories“).
We are sorry, but at this stage reviews and video clips about ZevenOS have been published in german language only:
ZevenOS in freiesMagazin.de 07/2009: „ZevenOS- Linux goes BeOS“ (Link http://freiesmagazin.de/mobil/freiesMagazin-2009-07-bilder.html#09_07_zevenos)
ZevenOS-Neptune in freiesMagazin.de 08/2009: „ZevenOS meets Lenny“ (Link)
Video-Beiträge über ZevenOS in deutscher Sprache: